The Divided People: Can Israel's Breakup Be Stopped?

Eva Etzioni-Halevy

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Fortunately, we had money to give, something most church planters find pretty useful. But the deep defects of socialist economies were evident thirty or forty years ago to anyone who chose to look. Surrealism was seen by the founders of the movement as a means of reuniting conscious and unconscious realms of experience so that the world of dream and fantasy would be joined to the everyday rational world in "an absolute reality, a surreality�.

Ruling America: A History of Wealth and Power in a Democracy

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Speech in the House of Commons (5 October 1938) "Policy of His Majesty’s Government", a week after the announcement of the Munich Accords. Below, more on the ethical problems, definitions of democracy, the issue of inequality, the defects of democratic culture, the nation as the 'demos', the claimed justifications for democracy, and alternatives to democracy. This development is too gradual and logical to leave any doubt that there is an Intelligence behind it. Their familiarity with present-day ideologies is superficial and uncritical.

National Geographic 1983 09 * Sep * Satellites

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Not every political system claims to be a socialist system, but even communist systems claim to be democracies. The "East Asian Miracle"7 would appear to be a justifiable conclusion, although one must bear in mind the circumstances of this success. Nordic countries give their populations freedom from the market by using capitalism as a tool to benefit everyone. For instance,science has been linked to the interests of powerful social forces, in particular those representedby industry and technology.

Judging Democracy

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But it is precisely in the non-European world that one is most struck by the occurrence of major ideological transformations. We agreed that we would be dismissed as "crackpots" if we ever mentioned this publicly. Creeds which become alienated from the central institutional system tend to acquire the formal properties of ideologies. Indeed, China's need to address technological, health and environmental challenges offer economic opportunities to the United States.

The Athenian Option: Radical Reform for the House of Lords

Anthony Barnett

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Even the most disciplined ideological primary group is under the strain of divergent beliefs among members, as well as the pull of their various attachments to the “world.” All these anti-ideological tendencies within ideological primary groups are greatly aggravated in modern societies in which large parties are organized and in which large-scale bureaucratic administrations are necessary. Second, one could argue that the provisions of the Bill of Rights are essentially irrelevant to interpretation of the Fourteenth Amendment, and that violations of the Due Process Clause are to be determined by a natural-law-like tests such as "Does the state's action shock the conscience?" or "Is the state's action inconsistent with our concept of ordered liberty"?

Canadian democracy in action,

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While there are significant Enlightenment thinkers who are metaphysicians – again, one thinks of Christian Wolff – the general thrust of Enlightenment thought is anti-metaphysical. List Franklin Roosevelt's Second Bill of Rights. 5. An auto mechanic may listen to the station to hear a two-way discussion of a previous week's sermon or a broadcast on anger management. This experience was later reinforced when, as a graduate student interested in Heidegger's existentialism, he read the latter's reissued Introduction to Metaphysics, in which Heidegger had retained (or more accurately, reintroduced) an allusion to the “inner truth and greatness” of National Socialism (Heidegger 1959, 199).

The Challenge of Democracy 11th Edition with California

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After Austria and Germany's defeat of World War I, many Germans still had heartfelt ties to the goal of creating a greater Germany, and thought that the use of military force to achieve it was necessary. The church could surround this bottleneck and change communities and impact every life in across the nation over a few decades. Bolshevism was primarily workers that wanted to establish a dictatorship of the proletariat, the working class.

Challenge of Democracy, Custom Publication

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Still, he also maintained that a number of dogmas which were impenetrable to reason must be accepted on faith alone. Ecological critiques of capitalist ideologies: neoliberalism and social democracy 3. IN WATCHING the flow of events over the past decade or so, it is hard to avoid the feeling that something very fundamental has happened in world history. This movement is driven by a vision “of the national community rising phoenix-like after a period of encroaching decadence which all but destroyed it.”41 Such rebirth involves systematic, top-down transformation of all social spheres by an authoritarian state, and suppression or purging of all forces, ideologies, and social groups the fascists define as alien.

The Spirit Of American Government: A Study Of The

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Marx's analysis of ideology met with much criticism. This security is provided by the exercise of authority, in the family by the father, atschool by the teacher, at work by the employer, and in society at large by a system of ‘law andorder’. For instance, Marx had predicted the inevitable overthrow of capitalistsociety in a proletarian revolution. In Marxist ideology the relations of production are property relations—i.e., relationships of authority, supported by the power of the state.) Ideology, whether nominally religious or anti-religious, is concerned with the sacred.

The Administration of Education in a Democracy

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Books on Islamic doctrine and jihad written in Arabic need to be translated in droves and made available to American students. [22] If taken, such steps would instrumentally lend themselves to the formulation of much more strategic responses to countering the violent ideologies of radical Islam. [1] The issue here is not which “version” of Islam is “correct.” The issue is that there are Muslims who have interpreted, do interpret, and always will interpret the mandates of Islam literally. For instance, the ‘rights of man and citizen’, the great proclamation of the French Revolution, ultimately worked for the benefit of owners of private property at the expense of workers with no property. • Marx’s analysis of ideology made the leap from the Comte de Tracy position that ideology represented a set of ideas that conformed to formal characteristics, to the position that, it represented ideas, that gave validity and authority to claims that members of different classes use in the pursuit of various interests and power. • These could be reactionary, conservative, reformist or revolutionary. • These ideologies took on legal, political, religious, aesthetic or philosophic forms. • Importantly for Marx, the existence of ideologies presupposes the existence of a class behind the ideologies. • Marx’s counterpart Fredrick Engels (1820-1895) classified Marx’s work as a science – scientific socialism and dismissed ideology as false consciousness. • Russian philosophers characterized Marx’s ideas as scientific ideology while Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924) the revolutionary theorist and leader of the Russian revolution claimed that it was a comprehensive science that derived from an abstract logic, in essence an ideology. • Lenin argued in his famous book ‘What is to be done’ that “without revolutionary theory there can be no revolutionary practice” and identified it as socialist ideology. • He defined ideologies are doctrines reflecting class interests that were in some sense products of theoretical thinking and not the common place consciousness of class members themselves. • Interestingly enough, another of Marx’s followers Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937), who used ideology less pejoratively, claimed that it represented a system of interest articulation and reproduction involving key institutions in society such as churches, schools and mass media. • According to Gramsci, while ideology emanates from the ruling classes, it becomes hegemonic when it takes on the character of the common-sense use and understanding of the masses in society. • It is this status that makes it possible for others in society to see their interests represented by the ideology and to become part of the process of reproducing it. • This character explains the sacrifices by the subordinate classes in nationalist struggles and imperial adventures. • Liberalism is perhaps the most dominant ideology in the world today.